Narasaraopet is located at 16°15′N 80°04′E / 16.25°N 80.07°E / 16.25; 80.07. It has an average elevation of 55 metres (180 feet). The town is built on flat land ringed by hills that are an offshoot of the Eastern Ghats. The summer months can get exceedingly hot while winters are mild. Rainfall is due to the monsoon and is concentrated in the months of July-September.
Importance of Narasaraopet Town
Established about two hundred years ago and originally called Atluru, the town began to grow in importance during the late 19th century when it was made the headquarters of a taluka by the British. Ancient temples, many of them not yet documented, dot the area. Malraju Venkata Gunda Rao, the son of Narasa Rao, deepened and enlarged an old tank in the town that is still in use today The place has added importance on account of its proximity to Kotappakonda (11km) one of the famous abodes of Lord Shiva in the guise of Lord Sri Koteswara Swamy.
The town is one of the biggest commercial centres in the upland areas of Guntur district. It is the head quarter town for three upland taluks i.e Narsaraopet, Vinukonda and Palanadu. The town is noted for production of camp furniture such as camp cots and easy chairs, which are well known for their durability.
Major agriculture products are paddy, cotton and to certain extent groundnuts, groundnut oil production is a cottage industry. Oil mills and rice mills exist.
After the advent of the Nagarjuna Sagar canal system for improvement of irrigation, the town as well as the surrounding areas of the town has much advanced in their agriculture product adding to the prosperity of the region and resulting in rapid growth of the town.
Even though the cultivation is the main economic activity, small scale industries like Jeep body building, cotton spinning mills, Saw mills, Rice mills and grading of Tobacco, Ice Factories, Pet Bottles Manufacturing Industries and many are employment generators.
The climate in Narasaraopet is comparatively equitable. It can be observed that the highest temperatures are recorded between April to June. The minimum temperature does not fall below 28o C during these months.
The town has fairly sloping ground from west to east with altitude varying from 74.67m to 57.91m from mean sea level. The average rainfall is 185mm. The soil in and around the town is generally graveled at the top and soft rock varying from 5m to 9m depths.
The topography of the town is sloping from west to east, and north and to south and total disposal leads to Jonnalagaddavagu.
As of 2011 [update] India census, Narasaraopet city had a population of 1,17,568. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Narasaraopet city has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 69%. In Narasaraopet, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. A majority of the population is Hindu with small communities of Muslims and Christians.
The town is expanded at an extent of 7.65 SqKm. with a population of 1,17,568 as per 2011 census consisting of 34 election wards.